The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) | Advanced

What is UNSC ?

As one of the principal organs that makeup the United Nations, the Security Council is mainly charged with the maintenance of international peace and security. It consists of 15 Members, and each Member has one vote. As per the United Nations Charter, all Member States are bound by the Council's resolutions. The Security Council takes the lead in determining the existence of a threat to international peace or an act of aggression. The UNSC aids the parties of a dispute in settling the matter through peaceful means and may recommend methods of adjustment or terms of settlement. However, in dire situations the Security Council can resort to imposing sanctions or even authorize the use of force to preserve or restore international peace and security. Besides its main responsibility of upholding global peace, the UNSC also recommends to the General Assembly the appointment of the Secretary-General and the admission of new Members to the United Nations. Moreover, the UNSC has the authority to approve any changes to the UN Charter.

TOPIC:
The Civil Unrest in South Sudan

In 2011, South Sudan gained independence; however, a civil war broke out two years later. With thousands left dead or displaced, a ceasefire was signed but was violated several times over the following years. Although a peace treaty has been signed in 2020, which put an end to the civil war, the years of continuous violence and economic unrest coupled with extreme flooding and food shortages left South Sudan virtually one step away from famine. In fact, by 2021, 60% of South Sudan’s population are expected to face an unprecedented shortage of food. Due to the previous political unrest and the present economic distress, South Sudan is facing a catastrophic food security crisis. With clashes of violence breaking out all over South Sudan, international organizations are struggling to access parts of the country to offer humanitarian aid.

Country List

China, France, Russian Federation, United Kingdom, United States of America, Estonia, India, Ireland, Kenya, Mexico, Niger, Norway, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Tunisia, Vietnam

Download the UNSC study guide to learn more about the committee and its topic.

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